When they come to the river which divides them from the celestial country, "he shall see his seed." Christ was so perfectly well qualified for his undertaking, and prosecuted it with so much vigour, and it was from first to last so well devised, that it could not fail to prosper, to the honour of his Father and the salvation of all his seed. Stern as fate, and fast as immutability, is the truth that I must be just. There was no dealing with us by a just God until the atoning Sacrifice had rolled away the stone that blocked the way, namely, the necessity that sin should be punished. All of the accusations.  Or (with Masoretic Text)  He will see the result of the suffering of his soul and be satisfied  Or by knowledge of him He lives, he feels, he sympathizes, he looks on, he is ready to help, he will help you even now. He is lifted up in the air, and there he hangs preparatory to his death. "When we shall see Him, there is no beauty that we should desire Him.". And that's rather tragic. Jesus, as he looks upon them all, can say, "Behold, I make all things new." This stanza points to the glorification which God appointed for the Suffering Servant after the sufferings ended, constituting the problem that remained insoluble for the pre-Christian prophets. "Father, I commit my soul to thee, I deposit it in thy hands, as the life of a sacrifice and the price of pardons." Do thy sins touch the clouds? John W. Welch has mentioned some of the reasons that readers differ on the identity of the "righteous servant" in Isaiah 53. I go not beyond the limit which this word allows me, nay, I have scarcely come up to the edge of it. Christ has made an atonement so complete that he never need suffer again. "The faithful God of the Bible would certainly not visit bad things on innocent people, would he? Oh," says one, "you mean that the Baptists ought to get together!" he sees your first desires, your humble breathings, your lowly hopes, your trembling approaches. God's purposes shall take effect, and not one iota or tittle of them shall fail. It was as if his face were hidden from us. No inferior hand hath sketched even so much as the least minute parts of providence. Here are you and I to-night brought into this dilemma. And in seeing your redemption, in seeing you in fellowship with God, He's satisfied. Psalms 21:4; Psalms 34:12; Proverbs 3:2). Isaiah 53:10 Hebrew though you make; Isaiah 53:11 Dead Sea Scrolls (see also Septuagint); Masoretic Text does not have the light of life. It was my sin that brought Him that suffering and that beating and that shame and that reproach. The deuterocanonical books (from the Greek meaning "belonging to the second canon") are books and passages considered by the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Church, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, and the Assyrian Church of the East to be canonical books of the Old Testament, but which Protestant denominations regard as apocrypha.They date from 300 BC to 100 AD, mostly from 200 BC to 70 . The Church of England was asleep, too; and everywhere it seemed as if there was a kind of orthodox heterodoxy that did not believe anything in particular, and did not hold that there was a doctrine worth anybody's living for or dying for, but that all religious teaching should be like a nose of wax, that you might shape whichever way you liked. I know you're troubled, Pilate." It is a common saying with the opponents of the old faith, that Mr. Spurgeon is a "pessimist," and takes gloomy views of things. Our second head must explain the first, or otherwise it is an insolvable mystery how God should bruise his Son, who was perfect innocence, while poor fallible confessors and martyrs have had no such bruising from him in the time of their trial. Paul said, "For a righteous man some might dare to die: for a good man peradventure some would even give their lives. 9 And all the people shall know, even Ephraim . He shall justify not here and there one that is eminent and remarkable, but those of the many, the despised multitude. We have sure and infallible proofs of it. And you may get bounced all over, but you're reacting and coordinating with it and thus it's a lot easier to take. Isaiah 53:10. They went in the morning after the Sabbath to embalm him. They see nothing in his appearance that is impressive or attractive. 3. A seed shall serve him; it shall be accounted to the Lord for a generation. The natural relation between father and son is often transferred to spiritual subjects. It is in his hands who upholds all things. Given the explicit mention of death in Isaiah 53:9 and the fact that his life is a sacrificial offering in Isaiah 53:10, we are not speaking here of a metaphorical . +. The Lord enable you to believe in Jesus now, to take him now as a complete and finished salvation for you, though you may be the most sunken and abandoned and hopeless of all characters. In both the Septuagint and Abinadi's discourse, a singular word is changed to a plural word three times, each when translating a word describing iniquity or sin. But if you expect your prophecy to be believed, enlarge the number of your jails, and seek for fresh fields for transportation in the interests of society; for if any doctrine can breed villains, this will. Such is Jesus Christ. Mark, not a chance salvation. He was oppressed, he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth ( Isaiah 53:7 ): You remember before Pilate, Pilate marvelled that He didn't answer. Let this, then, be fully established in our minds. "To see our pastor burnt." The word hand often denotes ministry, as the Lord proclaimed the law by the hand of Moses. (Numbers 36:13) Again, the Lord did this by the hands of David; that is, he made use of David as his minister in that matter. Yet future, still bearing them; the marks of His love for you. He submitted to the frowns of Heaven (Isaiah 53:10; Isaiah 53:10): Yet it pleased the Lord to bruise him, to put him to pain, or torment, or grief. Brenton's Septuagint & Holy Name King James Version with Strong's numbers in Hebrew. Rather than dying childless, Yahweh would bless the Servant with many spiritual children, future believers (cf. Montan. The Septuagint reads it, "He shall see a long-lived seed." (3.) Turn you at his rebuke! Not here and there, but everywhere, they were hunted down and persecuted. I expected to see some tall, Texan type of a guy, and it was just a surprise to me. But there is a caveat. Ye are complete in Christ. Why, then, are not all saved? I. a "Ubi posuit satisfactionis pretium anima ejus", Cocceius; "si posuerit delictum sua anima", Montanus. By no other means, whatever, could it be said that of one who had poured out his soul unto death that he would "prolong his days." The services and sufferings of Christ's state of humiliation. ], "The Old Testament testifies uniformly that the dead are alive, and in this sense it is no surprise to find the Servant alive after death. I. And it is interesting to watch their shocked expressions when they see me. Now, beloved, there be many who think that God the Father is at best but an indifferent spectator of salvation. It's an ambiguous kind of an image, but yet there is sort of a mental image of what the person must look like who has a voice like that. They would not have left him in the cave if they had felt any doubt about his death. 1 The prophet, complaining of incredulity, excuseth the scandal of the cross, 4 by the benefit of his passion, 10 and the good success thereof. "He shall be exalted and lifted up, and be very high.". Why, beloved, it was because the Father bruised him. If thou art damned it is not for want of invitation. Remember that in pecuniary matters you must give a quid pro quo, but that in matters of penal justice no such thing is demanded. Furthermore, believers in our Lord are said to be his seed because they are like him. The gallant vessel of the church ploughed the red waves of a crimson sea, her prow scarlet with gore, but the ship itself was the better for its washing, and sailed all the more gallantly because of boisterous winds. 10The Lord also is pleased to purge him from his stroke. '", "Yes, sir," says such a sinner, "I feel that if God should smite me now, without hope or offer of mercy, to the lowest hell, I should only have what I justly deserve; and I feel that if I be not punished for my sins, or if there be not some plan found by which my sin can be punished in another, I cannot understand how God can be just at all: how shall he be Judge of all the earth, if he suffer offenses to go unpunished?" So sad is his heart, that he faints in the streets. But if you don't see that big tackle barreling in on you, and he hits you without your having any ability to defend yourself by the feigning that a person does, that's when you get the broken bones. While sun and moon endure, there shall be a people who follow the Lamb; and even though they be so few that Elias might say, "I, only I, am left, and they seek my life to take it away," God will reserve to himself thousands that have not bowed the knee to Baal. And you say, "Did Christ drink it all to its dregs?" Dost thou see him there him whom God hath set forth? But surely in that suffering, in that death. It may be that you are sick: even now your head is aching, your heart is faint; you feel that by-and-by you will die. Amen. (asham) (54) denotes both sin and the sacrifice which is offered for sin, and is often used in the latter sense in the Scriptures. We rejoice with exultation as we read the text, "He shall see his seed." It is a loving voice which speaks to you, and that would speak, perhaps, better and more forcibly if it were not choked with love. But beyond the sorrow of death is the joy of the resurrection. His bones are every one of them dislocated, and his body is thus torn with agonies which can not be described. My sister worked with her sister, and as they talked "My brother," "Oh, my sister " "Well, my sister thinks your brother is cute," or something. God is willing to wait. It was as a substitute for sin that he did actually and literally suffer punishment for the sin of all his elect. Because these sorrows would result in the pardon and recovery of an innumerable multitude of lost sinners, and in their eternal happiness and salvation. I pray that it may be so. Christ does and will see the blessed fruit of the travail of his soul in the founding and building up of his church and the eternal salvation of all that were given him. Cannot thy conscience rest on that? When you pass through the gates of the grave, you go there solitary and alone; you are not the representative of a body of men, but you pass through the gates of death as an individual; but, remember, when Christ went through the sufferings of death, he was the representative Head of all his people. (3.) The prophet Isaiah prophesied in the Eighth Century B.C. I thought, "Man alive, this is going to be great!" Read the 22nd Psalm, and learn how Jesus suffered. What do You say for Yourself?" There is no other way into the first world but by birth: and there is no other way into the second world, wherein dwelleth righteousness, but by birth, and that birth is strictly connected with the pangs of the Savior's passion, "when thou shalt make his soul an of offering for sin, he shall see his seed." He is the Bridegroom, they make up the bride; and the bridegroom's joy is not in seeing his bride for once on the wedding-day, but he takes delight in her as long as they both live. for he shall bear their iniquities ( Isaiah 53:11 ). May he now be found of them who sought not for him, and he shall have the glory, world without end. Christ's children have a living Father, and because he lives they shall live also, for he is their life. Note, [1.] It only proves I may be saved if I mind what I am after. Oh, the joy, the delight, of our Well-beloved in that day! There is more truth in the fear of the first than there can be in the faith of the second; for the faith of the second is founded on a falsehood. The grace and glories of his state of exaltation; and the graces he confers on us are not the least of the glories conferred on him. The Lord having established the principle of substitution, having provided a substitute, and having through him bestowed upon us gratuitously innumerable mercies, let us observe THAT JESUS IS THE MOST FITTING PERSON TO BE A SUBSTITUTE, AND THAT HIS WORK IS THE MOST FITTING WORK TO BE A SATISFACTION. And God cries out. The hour approacheth when old Rome shall shake upon her seven hills, when Mohammed's crescent shall wane to wax no more, when all the gods of the heathens shall lose their thrones and be cast out to the moles and the bats; and then, when from the equator to the poles Christ shall be honored, the Lord paramount of earth, when from land to land, from the river even to the ends of the earth, one King shall reign, one shout shall be raised, "Hallelujah, hallelujah, the Lord God Omnipotent reigneth." To this clause some supply the relative (asher,) which: A seed which shall be long lived. But I expound it in a more simple manner, Christ shall not be hindered by his death from prolonging his days, that is, from living eternally. Some persons, when departing from life, leave children, but children who shall survive them, and who shall live so as to obtain a name only when their fathers are dead. 9And I will give the wicked for his burial, and the rich for his death; for he practised no iniquity, nor craft with his mouth. Adam Clarke Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible - Isaiah 53:5. Christ died for me; that does not prove much. Right? WHAT WAS THE REASON OF THE SAVIOUR'S SUFFERING? WHAT myriads of eyes are casting their glances at the sun! And as he observed that no one was found worthy in heaven and earth to take the scroll or to loose the seals, he began to weep. Now, mark: when you see Christ going up the Mount of Doom, you see man going there: when you see Christ hurled upon his back, upon the wooden cross, you see the whole company of his elect there; and when you see the nails driven through his blessed hands and feet, it is the whole body of his Church who there, in their substitute, are nailed to the tree. And we think there is nothing more clear in Scripture than the truth that sin is in itself so detestable to God that he must and will put forth all the vigor of his tremendous strength to crush it, and to make the offender feel that it is an evil and a bitter thing to offend against the Most High. It preserves, however, . This final stanza gives the explanation for the Servants submissive suffering for sinners and so completes the song. That was the purpose of God when He created man-that God might be able to fellowship with man. Beloved, we become, I say again, the followers of Christ by being made partakers of his life, and unless his life be in us, we may say what we will about Christ, and profess what we like about following him; but we are not in the secret. It is the good pleasure of the Lord, which denotes not only his counsel concerning it, but his complacency in it; and therefore God loved him, and was well pleased in him, because he undertook to lay down his life for the sheep. compelled him to it. Our Lord shall see his seed on the conquering hand yet. There is this to be said also for those who are called his seed that they prosecute the same ends, and expect to receive the same reward. As he was the root of the Jewish church, and the covenant was made with him and his seed, so is Christ of the universal church and with him and his spiritual seed is the covenant of grace made, which is grounded upon and grafted in the covenant of redemption, which here we have some of the glorious promises of. Isaiah 53:10 - But the Lord was pleased To crush Him, putting Him to grief; If He would render Himself as a guilt offering, He will see His offspring, He will prolong His days, And the good pleasure of the Lord will prosper in His hand. "Let the wicked forsake his way, and the unrighteous man his thoughts; and let him return unto the Lord, and he will have mercy upon him; and to our God, for he will abundantly pardon." To give your wealth is something, if you make yourself poor; but to give your child is something more. That which he purchased for us by his death, he lives to secure for us by his life. The third day has arrived; the servants are bidden to stay at the foot of the hill, whilst they go to worship God yonder. And we sort of automatically do this even though we haven't seen a person.I get this all the time where I go into areas where people have been listening on the radio. When he shall have offered his soul as a sacrifice. No; the blood-stained page of that book, the page which makes both past and future glorious with golden words, that blood-stained page, I say, was as much written of Jehovah, as any other. (Exodus 29:14; Ezekiel 45:22) (55) The sacrifice was offered in such a manner as to expiate sin by enduring its punishment and curse. God knew it. But He was forsaken of God in order that you won't have to be forsaken by God. And we shouldn't seek to blame someone else for our own guilt and to persecute someone else for that for which we are ourselves responsible. He has outweighed the penalty, and given double for all your sins. If you look to him, rest you well assured that he looks to you. As to our own country, read the story of persecutions here. 400.]. You do understand me, I trust, that God must punish sin; that he must punish you for sin unless some one else will suffer in your stead; that Jesus Christ is the person who did suffer in the room and place of all those who ever have believed on him who do believe in him, or ever shall believe in him, making for those who believe on him a complete atonement by his substitution in their place. But now to go a step further, and with as much brevity as possible. I say, most solemnly, I do. Oh, I like this, "He shall see his seed"! Isaiah 53:9). You wonder whether you will meet with any friend who will help you spiritually. The Septuagint (also known as the LXX) is a translation of the Hebrew Bible into the Greek language. for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. But things are said about him after death that set him apart from all others." He bore your iniquities. What is the gospel? It said, "And they shall look on Him whom they have pierced" ( Zechariah 12:10 ). There shall be a vicarious suffering; and my vengeance shall be content, and my mercy shall be gratified." In order to understand this better, we must first know that we are guilty before God, so that we may be accursed and detestable in his presence. We are naturally sold under sin, and we cannot discern the spiritual and real Christ until we have a spirit created within us by the new birth, of which he said, "Ye must be born again." 7And he, because of his affliction, opens not his mouth: he was led as a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is dumb, so he opens not his mouth. Or, rather, he poured it out as a drink-offering, to make his sacrifice complete, poured it out as wine, that his blood might be drink indeed, as his flesh is meat indeed to all believers. The Septuagint Version . But perhaps the Lord still bears the marks of His suffering for you. Oh, but the joy we shall have in being there the delight in beholding his face; yet, if all our joys are put together, they will not equal the joy that he will have when he finds them all there for whom he shed his blood all whom the Father gave him all who gave themselves to him all who were born as his seed not one lost! And the pleasure of the Lord - That is, that which shall please Yahweh; the work which he desire and appoints. Jesus Christ hath ascended up on high, and exalted he is that he may give repentance and remission of sin. Isaiah 52:13; Isaiah 55:11; Joshua 1:7; 2 Chronicles 20:20; Psalms 1:3; John 17:4). And it describes him as a skinny little runt about five feet tall with a horribly large hooked nose and eyes that were red, swollen and constantly running, and it gave this horrible And I was upset because that's not how I pictured Paul at all. This study tabulates, classifies, and analyzes the verses of the Septuagint translation of Isaiah where material is added to the Biblical Hebrew text (pluses) or omitted (minuses), and suggests many pluses and minuses are connected with an individual translators literary preferences. You may put away your crowns, ye kings and emperors earth, yellow earth, hammered, and decorated, with other sparkling bits of soil you may put them all away, as altogether outdone in value! For Easter, therefore, I want to focus on three textual problems in Isaiah 52:13-53:12 or what is called Isaiah's "Fourth Servant Song" (the other three are 42:1-4, 49:1-6, and 50:4-9) to show that this text teaches and predicts the vicarious death, burial, and resurrection of the Servant, three key pillars to the gospel of Christ . God's living children may not seem to be quite so handsome, nor so charmingly arrayed as you are, and in their own esteem they may not be worthy to consort with you; but there is a solemn difference between the living child and the dead child, however you may try to conceal it. But when he talks about the crucifixion, he speaks about the predetermined counsel and the foreknowledge of God. (4.) He was pleased with the end in view, and with all that was necessary in order that the end might be secured. And when he has brought a sin-offering, he shall see a numerous posterity, and the pleasure of the Lord shall prosper through him. The Lord was pleased with his sufferings, not because he has delight in the sufferings of innocence; not because the sufferer was in any sense guilty or ill-deserving; and not because he was at any time displeased or dissatisfied with what the Mediator did, or taught. That he shall himself have abundant satisfaction in it (Isaiah 53:11; Isaiah 53:11): He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied. Two views of Gods kindness are held up for our admiration in this passage; first, that he spared not his onlybegotten Son, but delivered him for us, that he might deliver us from death; and secondly, that he does not suffer his death to be useless and unprofitable, but causes it to yield very abundant, fruit; for the death of Christ would be of no avail to us, if we did not experience its fruit and efficacy. Jesus didn't answer. At the outset, one should know that the relation of the Hebrew text of Isaiah (as we know it in modern editions) to the Septuagint version is . He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by the knowledge of himself shall my righteous servant justify many; and he shall bear their iniquities. And I believe that it will be a part of his heaven for him to look upon his redeemed. In other words, we'll not be attracted to Him by the physical beauty. So may it be in your heart towards all those that belong to Christ! We take life from our parents, this links us with the first Adam: we have taken life from Christ, and this joins us to the second Adam. The subject of this sentence, "He" or "His soul," may be Yahweh or the Servant. "The Church of the Future," vainly so galled, threatens to overthrow the Church of the living God. But, sirs, I need not stop to prove it; it is written clearly upon the consciousness of each man, and upon the conscience of every one of us, that sin must be punished. Remember, too, that acceptance is finished. I would have you notice this morning, first of all, the cause of Christ's death "It pleased the Lord to bruise him." I do not mean anything of the kind. Undoubtedly, it was taken for granted by the offerer, that without shedding blood there was no remission of sin. What is it but an infinite outrage against everything which is honest and right, if these creatures are punished for anything short of their own deserts. Say that sin is not to be punished, and you have unhinged government; you have plucked up the very gate of our commonweal; you have been another Samson to another Gaza; and we shall soon have to rue the day. He shall see his seed. and six editions have the word fully and regularly expressed, shelomeynu ; pacificationum nostrarum , "our pacification;" that by which we are brought into a state of peace and favor with God. O sirs! I give you the gospel without mutilating it, just as I get it in the gospel by Mark, "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved." Brethren, pray for me, and all who are faithful to the truth of God, that we may be upheld in our steadfastness. "To learn the way!" Religion will be promoted and extended through him. To you is in his appearance that is impressive or attractive death that him... 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